Telecommunication History in France
|Before ... PTT becomes France Telecom + La Poste|
|The very first Internet Domains
It was alread in 1985, March 15
that was registered the very first .com Internet Domain.
Only very few Technology corporations
and hi tech individuals,
almost exclusively based in the US
register .com Domain names.
It takes 10 years until the first Pioneers
of the Internet start become active.
More about the very early
Domains like HP.com, GE.com or TI.com
in the VB.com Internet Hall of Fame
edited by the author of this article.
France Telecom misses
the today extremely valuable Two Letter domain
FT.com registered 1994 November 30
by the newspaper Financial Times.
The full FranceTelecom.com was registered
a year later 1995 September 14.
| The French Minitel Directory becomes
France Telecom´s rising Internet activities
The french version uses
Honestly would you think about going
to the Zoom Pages.com
or to the Pages Zoom.com ?
Rebranding to Pages Jaunes
The name "Pages Zoom" doesn´t seam to be the best.
All over the World Telephone Directories are called
White Pages and Yellow Pages
Some non english speaking countries
use the English term Yellow Pages
others a translation into their respective language:
French = Pages Blanches / Pages Jaunes
Spanish = Paginas Blancas / Paginas Amarillas
Italian = Pagine Bianche / Pagine Gialle
German = Weisse Seiten / Gelbe Seiten
So the Wanadoo people decide
to rebrand their Directory from Pages Zoom.com
to Pages Jaunes.com
There is only one problem
a lot of time has been lost
between 1996 and 1998
... very valuable time in what concerns
the registration of great Internet Domains.
While the first Internet Domain was registered in 1985
it took about a decade for companies to realise
that they could register domains,
mostly US Technology Firms were among the early birds
but in 1995 / 1996 the very good .com names
go very quickly
... for a couple of dollars anybody can register
whatever name he wants followed by .com
And when Wanadoo wants to register
pagesjaunes.com in 1998
the big surprise ...
the domain pagesjaunes.com
is already registered
... since 1996 April 9
It is the Internet pioneer Jean Noel Frydman from Miami,
editor of yellow pages for french speaking people in the US,
who owns the domain.
The marketing people from Wanadoo
are 2 years late,
much too late
Jean Noel Frydman is a real Domain Pioneer
also owning the domains
Pages Jaunes.fr go online
1998 April 12 France Telecom
registers the domain pagesblanches.com.
1998 July Wanadoo completes negociations with Havas
to buy all remaining shares of ODA (Office d´annonces in charge
of selling advertising in French phonebooks).
France Telecom has no difficulties to register the .fr domain
as registering .fr domains is very difficult and restricted
(until 2004 Mai 11)
1998 November 25 is registered pagesjaunes.fr
1998 December 30 pagesblanches.fr
not clear if pageszoom.fr was ever registered
but oda.fr was at a very early time
... 1995 January 1.
The rebranded Pagesjaunes.fr Directory goes online in 1999
It is also the company name
ODA which gets rebranded to Pages Jaunes
The new company is integrated into Wanadoo
which enters the French stockmarket 2000 July 18.
Lawsuit over Pages Jaunes..com
The only problem is the domain pagesjaunes.com
Under the management of Michel Datchary
ODA / Pages Jaunes in Sevres
might have been
too proud to enter negociations
to buy the valuable domain name.
Instead the company tries everything to get it for free
via their trademark lawyers.
Fights over .com internet domains are handled by
the Internet Arbitration and Mediation center
at WIPO, the World Intellectual Property Organization
The Case N°D 2000-0489
is decided by 3 panelists
Francois Dessemontet, Clive Torne and Christian Andre Le Stanc
was defended by the famous trademark lawyer Andre Bertrand,
a kind of an icon in the world of law.
Jean Noel Frydman can keep the domain pagesjaunes.com
Next ... Whitepages come online
in France and around the World ...