|Time has come to put
Paper Whitepages online
The expressions "Whitepages" and "Yellowpages"
exist since the late 19th century and are used
on printed Phone Books all over the (English Speaking) World.
|1982 France has White Pages on the Minitel
As already mentioned before France is the first country
to have an online directory.
In 1982 the French PTT launch the Minitel in France.
Every French phonesubscriber can use the system
to find national phonenumbers.
Popularity is growing rapidly.
The name of the directory is 11, later 3611
1991 it becomes possible
to add information pages behind a Phonebook Listing.
Above screenshot shows the entrance pages
of a "prehistoric 100 page Minitel Site"
once created by the editor of this article.
France is "online" before anybody else
but not on the World Wide Web,
only on the "prehistoric" France based Minitel system.
In the late 1990s Minitel is so popular
that France has difficulties to adopt the competing
US born Internet system.
Whitepages.com.au by Testra
1994 Australia is the first country where telephone directories
go on the web first Yellowpages.com.au
followed by Whitepages.com.au
both edited by Sensis, once a division of Telstra,
the once Australian State owned phone company.
Also see the Sensis / Whitepages.com.au story
commercial, pointing out the world "hi"
part of the world "White Pages"
have a look at it
by Swedish immigrant Alex Algard
at an unknown date after 1991 and before 1995.
from Sweden when he was 13 years old.
According to the legend, while being a student
he uses almost all of his savings
to buy the whitepages.com domain for $ 900.
This happened 1996, April 8.
Whitepages is the expression
used in the United States for Residential Directories.
Algard never resells the domain
and uses his IT scills and charisma
to build one of America's most popular Telephone directories,
edited from Seattle, Washington.
Yellowpages.com by AT&T
by 3 friends from from Los Angeles,
Dane Madsen, Bill Povodonra and Roland Oister.
The Yellowpages.com domain name had
also been registered before
but the first owner forgot to pay the domain renewal charges.
In November 2004 SBC and Bell South (both later AT&T)
bought the website. The SBC directry smartpages.com
and the Bell South directory RealPages.com merged with Yellowpages.com
See the Yellowpages.com story.
|1997 French Minitel Directories
come online as Pages Zoom.com
ODA edites printed paper directories (annuaire papier)
The directory exists in both French and English
mentionning "White Pages " and "Yellow Pages"
or "Pages Blanches" and "Yellow Pages"
1999 Rebranding Pages Zoom
as "Pages Jaunes" and "Pages Blanches"
After a while the people from Wanadoo people decide
to rebrand their Directory from Pages Zoom
to Pages Jaunes (Yellow Pages) and Pages Blanches (White Pages)
All over the World Telephone Directories are called
White Pages and Yellow Pages
In some countries the universal expression
is translated into the local language:
French = Pages Blanches / Pages Jaunes
Spanish = Paginas Blancas / Paginas Amarillas
Italian = Pagine Bianche / Pagine Gialle
German = Weisse Seiten / Gelbe Seiten
So the Wanadoo people decide
to rebrand their Directory from Pages Zoom.com
to Pages Jaunes.com
1998 July Wanadoo completes negociations with Havas
to buy all remaining shares of ODA (Office d´annonces in charge
of selling advertising in French phonebooks).
Registration of .fr domains is restricted and very complicated
only company names or trademarks can be registered by their respective owners
France Telecom registers the domains
as they are the
(until 2004 Mai 11)
1998 November 25 is registered pagesjaunes.fr
1998 December 30 pagesblanches.fr
The new directory becomes PagesJaunes.fr and PagesBlanches.fr
The english version is called Yellow Pages and Whitepages
but the URL is a little complicated to remember by heart ...
|2004 Mai 13
Like a miracle ...
Registration of Whitepages.fr
and Yellowpages.fr for France
1999 / 2000 / 2001 / 2002 / 2003
While designing the Phonebook of the World
we had realised that the English version
of the official Phonedirectory
of the fromerly state owned French Phonecompany
was using the international expressions Yellow Pages and White Pages.
But the logic .fr domain names did not resolve.
Due to restriction of .the .fr domains we could not register them ...
2004 May 11 Liberation of French Internet domains
|2005 July Registration of Whitepages.com.br
2005 July a friend inherited from the Thurn & Taxis
Aimée had quite an unusual Telecom CV
friend of the inventors Alexander Graham Bell
and Thomas Edison as a young woman
she had come to Paris as a Brazilian Secret Service agent in 1938
influencing the president of her country to get away from Germany.
When telephone counrty codes were attributed in 1964
she helped her country to get the double digit country code +55
Among her friends were also the people that had been on the first flight to the Moon,
Johannes Thurn and Taxis
and without realsing who she was,
the editor of the whitepages.
Aimée was amused that her young friend had succeded
to get the domain Whitepages.fr
|Next ... 2006 Liberalisation of 12, French Directory Assistance
France Telecom sells Pages Jaunes / Pages Blanches