Telecommunication History in France
|Before ... Early Internet Years in France|
|Whitepages go online in different countries
exist since the late 19th century and are used
on printed phonebooks all over the (English Speaking) World.
|1982 France on the Minitel
As already mentioned before France is the first country
to have an online directory.
In 1982 the French PTT launch the Minitel in France.
Every French phonesubscriber can use the system
to find national phonenumbers.
Popularity is growing rapidly.
The name of the directory is 11, later 3611
1991 it becomes possible
to add information pages behind a Phonebook Listing.
Above screenshot shows the entrance pages
of a "prehistoric 100 page Minitel Site"
once created by the editor of this article.
France is "online" before anybody else
but not on the World Wide Web,
only on the "prehistoric" France based Minitel system.
In the late 1990s Minitel is so popular
that France has difficulties to adopt the competing
US born Internet system.
Whitepages.com.au by Testra
1994 Australia is the first country where telephone directories
go on the web first Yellowpages.com.au
followed by Whitepages.com.au
both edited by Sensis, once a division of Telstra,
the once Australian State owned phone company.
Also see the Sensis / Whitepages.com.au story
commercial, pointing out the world "hi"
part of the world "White Pages"
have a look at it
Whitepages.com by Swedish immigrant Alex Algard
at an unknown date after 1991 and before 1995.
from Sweden when he was 13 years old.
According to the legend, while being a student
he uses almost all of his savings
to buy the whitepages.com domain for $ 900.
This happened 1996, April 8.
Whitepages is the expression
used in the United States for Residential Directories.
Algard never resells the domain
and uses his IT scills and charisma
to build one of America's most popular Telephone directories,
edited from Seattle, Washington.
Alexander Algard's directory is used by AT&T to power
Yellowpages.com by AT&T
by 3 friends from from Los Angeles,
Dane Madsen, Bill Povodonra and Roland Oister.
The Yellowpages.com domain name had
also been registered before
but the first owner forgot to pay the domain renewal charges.
In November 2004 SBC and Bell South (both later AT&T)
bought the website. The SBC directry smartpages.com
and the Bell South directory RealPages.com merged with Yellowpages.com
See the Yellowpages.com story.
Pagesjaunes.fr by France Telecom
France Telecom goes online under the brand Pages Zoom
but they decides to rebrand
their online directory
to Pages Jaunes (French for Yellow Pages)
1998, November 25 PagesJaunes.fr is registered
1998, December 30 PagesBlanches.fr is registered
features "White Pages" and "Yellow Pages"
in the english version of their site.
The above screenshot was taken April 4 2004,
a month before the opening of the .fr domains.
Until 2004 it is impossible to register the domain
as an .fr internet address ...
But as if the world would only speak French
nobody in the Phone company
thinks of registering
the original English expressions:
whitepages.fr and yellowpages.fr
|2000 France / World
Phonebook of the World.com
the editor of this article creates
2000 January 25 the Phonebook of the World.
The inspiration comes from his aunt, a visitor
of the cybercafe that was completely computer illitarate.
While using the internet for the first time
she tried out all kind of logic sounding
names followed .com ... nothing worked.
The domain is registered
at the counter of the Cybercafe de Paris
for 70 US Dollars
(the a minimum registration period of two years.)
are added, one for every country of the World ...
In the meantime it has become possible to register dot com domains
for one year only, reducing the investment to 35 US Dollars.
(The list gives one example for each letter of the Alphabet).
As the Credit Cards keeps blocking,
a few country phonebook domains are registered every day.
Lina Leonardi, a very charming banker
of the Banco Sanpaulo in Paris is terrified,
not understanding what a domain name is,
thinking that the Credit Card was been stolen ...
Whitepages.ca by Anna Algard
Anna Algard / Anna Shimizu, a Vancouver based interior designer
(Harmony Sense Interiors) and sister of Alex Algard from Whitepages.com
the White Pages domain for Canada.
At the time only Canadian Residents or Companies
were entitled to register a .ca domain.
Whitepages.fr by Phonebook of the World
Until 2004 it is almost impossible to register .fr domains,
in fact only a French company or association
can register it's exact name,
as it is shown by an "extrait Kbis"
(French Register of Commerce).
For individuals of foreigners registring a .fr domain is not allowed.
The .fr domain policy is so restrictive
that the French public starts to adopt ".com"
as if the American / International .com was also the French internet extension.
Years go by, and it is impossible
to access French Whitepages
with the internet address whitepages.fr
2004 Mai 11, the date of the
first step in liberalisation of French Internet Domains.
Any France based company or association
can can now register any "imaginary" domain name.
French Individuals still need to wait until 2006 June 20
before they are allowed to register a .fr domain name.
Only in 2010 it becomes possible to register a .fr domain
sor someone living outside France.
Whitepages in France,
nobody the phonecompany under management of Michel Datchary
seamed to have ever though registring this iconic domain
during all thoses years of restricted domain access ....
In fact we at the time of registration of the first whitepages domains
grandson of the company founders Leon Pajot and Louis Rouille.
He was called "Maître des Postes du Royaume de France".
The Rouillé and Pajot family were operating 800 post stations
located all over France with a few ones in Italy as well,
the southest one beeing located in Rome and Venice.
Horse carriages were bringing mail from Paris.
The Postal station even had a "cabinet noir"
where King Louis XV requested suspicious mail
to be opened and spied out
so he would have acces to secret information ...
Whitepages.com.br sponsored by Aimée de Heeren,
once the secret first Lady of Brazil
... resulting in many more countries
The Whitepages domain registration
might have been limited to France only
if the editor of this article
wouldn't have had a very unusual friend ...
He had met her when he was 19
having now idea about who she really was.
A few years later he happened to open the first Internet Cafe in France
born Aimée Sotto Major Sa
a Brazilian expatriate living between France and the United States.
1921 when Aimée was still very young
A few years later,
A few years later
the domain whitepages.com.br
was finally granted in 2005 september 26
by the Comitê Gestor da Internet no Brasil.
Aimee de Heeren still saw it ...
"how wonderful you managed to get whitepages.com.br,
If only Alexander Graham Bell would still be there.
He and his young assistants would be so amused
that the "little Aimée"
that new nothing about the world and that hardly spoke English at the time
has been able to give a little push for a Directory of his telephone ...
You have to continue the project
and expand it to many many other countries ..."
Aimée sadly died in New York September 14 2006
It's only a few days before
at the Lenox Hill Hospital in New York
the editor of this article found out one of her many secrets
... her real age
Not 70, neither 80,
He followed the advise of Aimee de Heeren
and kept watching the opening up
of national internet country codes
all around the World ...
|Other countries resulting from Aimée's internet lessons
at the Cremerie de Paris
Israel / Italy
Whitepages.co.il / Whitepages.it
The idea was to standardize
and to simplify
access to phonenumbers.
Whitepages for Israel, whitepages.co.il
and Whitepages for Italy, whitepages.it
The registration occured the same day
2004 july 28
Laos - Whitepages.la
2004 november 11 is attributed Whitepages.la
by the .La Registry
Singapore - Whitepages.sg
2005 january 3 is attributed Whitepages.sg
by Singapore Network and Information Center
Japan - Whitepages.jp
Germany - Whitepages.de
Argentina - Whitepages.com.ar
And in some countries like Argentina
the whitepages domain was once a property
of a national Phonecompany (Telecom Argentina)
that had sold their directory activities (Publicom Sa)
to investors that later
the renewal of the domain name.
Today from the Cremerie de Paris,
300 years ago home to the Royal French Postal Services
and 20 years ago home of the first Internet Cafe in Paris
are edited many many Whitepages
making it the World's largest collection
of the iconic White Pages Domain names ...
The Cremerie has turned into an Expo Center for Very Beautiful Brands
and one of the World's most famous Pop Up Stores locations.
|Next ... Liberalisation of Directory Assistance ...|